Tribulus terrestris is an annual plant adapted to grow in dry climate locations in which few other plants can survive. Like many weedy species, this plant has many common names, including goat’s-head, caltrop, cat’s-head, devil’s eyelashes, devil’s-thorn, devil’s-weed, puncture vine, etc. It is a native to warm temperate and tropical regions of southern Europe, southern Asia, throughout Africa and Australia. It grows throughout India as a prostrate herb growing up to 3,000 meters in Kashmir. It can thrive even in desert climates and poor soil. Its fruit easily falls apart into five nutlets or burs that are hard and bear two to four sharp spines.
Tribulus terrestris inhibits nucleation and aggregation of Calcium oxalate crystals, reduces their size and prevents their recurrence. It also reduces apoptosis, necrosis and oxidative stress caused due to oxalate injury to renal cells. Its diuretic property aids in expulsion of urinary calculus efficiently.
Tribulus terrestris relieves the symptoms of Benign prostatic hyperplasia. It also prevents proliferation of prostate cancer cells. It is a genito-urinary tract tonic and shows antioxidant activity.
Tribulus terrestris shows antibacterial and anti-viral properties. It improves suppressed immune function.
Extracts of the plant Tribulus terrestris significantly improve erectile function. In clinical trials, significant improvement was seen in intercourse satisfaction, orgasmic function, sexual desire and overall sexual function among those treated with extract of Tribulus terrestris.
Tribulus terrestris significantly enhances sperm count and motility. It also increases testosterone levels. It balances the functions of the male reproductive system and is useful in the treatment of male infertility.
- Improves overall sexual function
Potassium nitrate, sterols, sapogenin with pyroketone ring (diosgenin), gitogenin and hecogenins.
Ayurveda Insight on Gokshura
Gokshura has madhura rasa, madhura vipaka, sheeta virya and guru, snigdha properties. It is brimhana, balya, vajikara, vrishya, ashmarihara and bastishodhana in action. It alleviates Vata dosha. It is useful in Shula, Arsha, Shvasa, Daurbalya, Hridroga, Kasa, Mutrakrcchra, Ashmari and Prameha.