Zingiber officinale, also known as ginger is a perennial rhizomatous herb of 1 m in height. Its rhizomes are robust and fleshy, up to 2 cm thick, growing horizontally underground and have aromatic odor with pungent and spicy taste. Originating in India or south-east Asia, Z. officinale is widely planted in tropical areas including other parts of Asia, the Caribbean, Central and South America, Australia and Africa. It is grown vegetatively as a spice in all tropical and subtropical parts of the world.
Ginger relieves menstrual symptoms such as nausea, inflammation and menstrual pain in women. It is proven to be as effective as mefenamic acid and ibuprofen in relieving pain in women with primary dysmenorrhea. It also calms the uterine spasms.
Ginger contains secondary metabolites, essential oils and gingerols that reduce inflammation and pain of the joints thus showing anti-arthritic effect. They also protect the joints in arthritis patients. Ginger is known to prevent the progression of rheumatoid arthritis.
Ginger prevents as well as reduces the severity of migraine attacks. It also relives headache, inflammation of mucosal membranes, nausea and vomiting.
- Joint protective
Essential oil, pungent constituents (gingerol and shogaol), resinous matter and starch
Ayurveda Insight on Shunthi
Shunthi has katu rasa, madhura vipaka, ushna virya and laghu, snigdha properties. It is anulomana, dipana, hridya, pachana, ashmadoshahara in action. It alleviates Vata-Kapha doshas. It is useful in Agnimandya, Shvasa, Adhmana, Amavata, Pandu and Udararoga.