Vitex negundo commonly known as the Chaste tree or Five leaved chaste tree is a strongly aromatic deciduous shrub or a small tree about 10-20 feet tall. It commonly grows along river banks, streams, wetlands, moist places, irrigation channels and roadsides as hedges. It is native to tropical Eastern and Southern Africa and Asia. It is majorly found in India, Burma, Afghanistan, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand and Vietnam. It is widely used in folk medicine, particularly in South and Southeast Asia.
The leaves of Vitex negundo are useful in reducing pain and dispersing swelling of the joints in acute rheumatism. It is effective in the treatment of arthritis.
Alkaloids and Essential Oil.
The principal constituents the leaf juice are casticin, isoorientin, chrysophenol D, luteolin, p–hydroxybenzoic acid and D-fructose.
Ayurveda Insight on Nirgundi
Nirgundi has katu, tikta, kashaya rasa, katu vipaka, ushna virya and laghu property. It is keshya, shophahara, chakshushya, vishaghna, smtriprada and anulomna in action. It alleviates Kapha and Vata doshas. It is useful in Shula, Shopha, Vatavyadhi, Amavata, Kushtha, Kandu, Kasa, Adhmana, Gulma and Jwara.