Acacia catechu also known as ‘black catechu’ is a deciduous tree that occurs in tropical moist deciduous forests, dry tropical forests and tropical thorn forests. It has a light feathery crown with dark brown, slender and thorny branchlets. It is widely distributed throughout India, Myanmar, Burma, Thailand and S. China. In India, it grows in the sub-Himalayan tract and outer Himalayas ascending from 900 to 1,200 m from Jammu to Assam and also in the southern part of India.
The bark extract of Acacia catechu helps reduce swelling and pain.
It also reduces bleeding from the piles.
It has displayed anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and antioxidant properties.
Catechin, catechu-tannic acid and tannin
Ayurveda Insight on Khadira
Khadira has tikta, kashaya and katu rasa, sheeta virya and laghu, ruksha properties. It is krimighna, kushthaghna, medohara, raktashodhaka, pachaka and dantya in action. It alleviates Kapha and Pitta doshas. It is useful in Shotha, Kushtha, Prameha, Vrana and Raktapitta.