Menopause prevalence and its effect on quality of life

Menopause, defined as the complete cessation of menstrual periods, occurs naturally in most women and is associated with the gradual loss of ovarian follicles. It is a normal condition that all women experience as they age. The term “menopause” can describe any of the changes a woman goes through either just before or after she stops menstruating, marking the end of her reproductive period.

With the aging of the worldwide population in the coming decades, it is estimated that 1.2 billion women worldwide will be menopausal or postmenopausal by the year 2030. The hormone estrogen depletion during menopause leads to the occurrence of symptoms among women that may affect their quality of life. Common symptoms of menopause include vasomotor symptoms such as hot flushes and/or night sweats, sleep disturbances, mood swings, anxiety, depression, musculoskeletal aches, and urogenital symptoms like-vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, urinary frequency and urgency.

It is estimated that as many as 85 % of postmenopausal women have experienced a menopause-related symptom in their lifetime.

In the transitional age of menopause, women often experience a variety of symptoms affecting their quality of life. These may involve different areas such as: physical, functional, social, psychosocial, mood, sleep; and the sexual sphere. The quality of life of peri-menopausal and menopausal women is strongly influenced by the social, cultural and economic situation in which they live.

Irregular menses: This is the classic symptom of menopause. The menses may come more often or less often, be heavier or lighter, or last longer or shorter than before.

Depression: The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that currently, depressive disorders are the fourth most serious health problem for menopausal age in the world; in 2020 it will become the second problem after ischemic heart disease, and even will dominate in the second position by 2030.

Hot flushes and night sweats:  Women face various challenges from coping with hot flushes and night sweats to dealing with the discomfort of vaginal dryness.

Female sexual dysfunction: The characteristic symptoms of sexual dysfunction in menopausal disorders are libido loss, genital inflammation, and painful sexual intercourse. The majority of women remain sexually active during this time, but a large group of women reports a decrease in sexual activity, decreased libido, and avoidance of intercourse – approximately 60% of patients.

Insomnia: It is the problem of sleep which does not provide adequate rest or difficulty in falling asleep and maintaining sleep and is most common in the general population, which has a close relationship with the development of civilization and detachment from the natural rhythms of life.

Physical changes: The hair and skin become drier and thinner in menopausal women. Some women gain weight during menopause, joint stiffness and loss of calcium from bone results in painful joint movements and reduce joint motion.

The impact of menopause on QoL is attributed to its symptoms particularly the classic vasomotor disorders and some physical symptoms such as palpitations or dyspareunia. The women consider that physical disorders are one of the main effects of menopause. These menopausal symptoms do severely impair QoL. Menopause causes a decrease in quality of life which is independent of age and other socio-demographic variables.

Quality of life is an important outcome measure of health care, and understanding the impact of menopause on quality of life is a critically important part of the care of symptomatic postmenopausal women.

MENOEASE-

Menoease is a unique herbal remedy effective in menopause symptoms developed by Charak Pharma, which helps women to cope with occasional stress and discomfort caused during the menopausal stage. Menoease provides effective support, from the onset and throughout the transition period during menopause. Menoease promotes physical and emotional comfort in menopausal and post-menopausal stages.

Menoease assists in combating occasional sleeplessness, minor mood swings, hot flashes, irritability and fatigue in a natural way and thus, improves quality of life in menopausal women.

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